Building an app involves multiple stages such as market research, problem definition, planning, designing, development, testing, deployment, and maintenance.
However, the present and future of your web or mobile app development are completely dependent on the technology stack you are choosing.
But what does technology stack means and how to choose the best tech stack for your app?
Let’s find out the answer to these questions through this quick guide.
We can define a technology stack as, an ecosystem of programming languages, libraries, frameworks, development environment, DevOps tools, utilities, packages, databases, cloud services, and development platforms that enable app developers to build quality applications efficiently.
As the technologies keep changing rapidly, it’s critical to ensure the technologies used for the apps must be scalable, manageable, easy to use, have good community support, and are constantly upgrading.
Selecting the right tech stack in the early stages of application development can help developers and entrepreneurs in the long run, whether it is regarding app testing, scalability, or maintenance.
Here is the list of a few things that you should consider while choosing a web or mobile app tech stack
The first thing you should consider while building an application is its type i.e whether you are building a web application, mobile app, native or cross-platform app.
Every application has its unique requirements depending on the platform it runs, user interface, type of users, and the service application is providing.
Another factor that highly influences the selection of the technology stack is the size of the app as it is directly proportional to its complexity.
Applications can be categorized into small, middle, and large size apps.
For building small applications you can choose web flows, ready-to-use templates, and app makers. For building, medium-sized app developers can use any popular tech stack such as MERN or MEAN stack.
However, for large apps such as e-commerce, on-demand, and healthcare apps you need to consider scalability, and app performance, so in such a case, the application is divided into smaller modules and more tech layers and/or third-party tools are applied to build individual parts of a project.
The project scope and goal helps to define the user’s assumption, business assumptions, and finally technical requirements.
Initially, the project manager and analyst work on problem definition, finding out target audience, competitive solution to solve the problem, how to improve the product, and how users will access the application through the web or mobile platforms.
Once things are done technical assumptions are driven from the above assumptions.
Security is important for any application but when it comes to financial apps, security becomes a prime concern. However, not all technologies are equally secure and thus developers need to choose tech stack accordingly.
Developers prefer Kotlin, Python, C++, C#, or Java technology for Financial app development along with the other tools.
The next factor that affects the selection of tech stack is the time and cost of building applications.
Taking your app quickly to the market requires effort but with the right tech stack, one can manage to achieve their goal. Also, they can upgrade the app, post-deployment according to market requirements.
When it comes to budget, developers can use the technologies that are open source with good community support.
Portability is nothing but the high level of usability of the same software in different environments. One way to achieve higher portability in your application is to use the standard languages, libraries, and compilers.
The availability of skilled professionals, tech experts can impact the selection of tech stack. Also, it is difficult to find experienced people if you are choosing new technologies in the tech stack.
App performance is determined by how fast your system responds, how many requests your app can process at a time, etc. Thus, one must consider the right tech stack for better performance.
One of the most important factors that affect the selection of your tech stack app scalability. A good tech sack enables you to scale your application without compromising on performance.
Front End Frameworks- React(JS), Angular(JS), Vue(JS), Flutter(Dart)
Back End Frameworks- Node(JS), Laravel(PHP), Ruby on Rails(Ruby), Express(JS), Django(Python), .NET Core(C#)
Languages- PHP, Python, Ruby, Go, Java, C++, C#
Databases- MongoDB, MySQL, SQL, Oracle,PostgreSQL
Amazon EC2, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure, SAP, IBM Cloud, Salesforce
GitHub, GitLab repositories are popular code collaboration tools for developers, other than these there are general tools such as Discord, Slack, and Trello
These are the most advanced and trending technologies for web and mobile application development.
Well, before moving further, let’s understand the difference between web and mobile applications.
Web applications are directly accessible on various platforms, users do not need to download and install them on the devices. They can be responsive or unresponsive, it’s not crucial to develop the app according to different types of devices, and screen sizes.
However, in the case of mobile applications, users need to download and install the app on the device, and it’s crucial to build an application according to the various mobile devices, OS, and screen sizes.
Every business type has unique features and thus we can not use one technology stack for different applications.
Till now we have seen things to consider while selecting a tech stack, here you will learn about mistakes you should avoid while selecting a tech stack.
In the worst-case scenario, consider you started using the trending technology which is not yet matured but highly popular among the developers, and later found out the support is no longer available or there is another tech in the market with better capabilities.
New technologies keep coming and going each year therefore while selecting them it’s better to know whether they have dedicated community support or not. To avoid such issues go for the mature technologies or the technologies which are backed by a dedicated team of developers.
Initially, it looks like a good idea to go for online research when it comes to choosing the tech stack. But soon you will realize that online stuff is confusing and unreliable.
Even some reliable sources are suggesting the technology stack selection they too don’t know about your app requirement and other things you want to implement.
Therefore, if you want to choose the right tech stack for app development either get suggestions from the tech expert or ask your development team they will provide you with a perfect and practical solution.
Never use the tech stack that you have used in your previous application; it will limit your app development capabilities as every project has its specifications. Choose the technologies according to your app requirement rather than enforcing technology over app functionality.
Your application's uniqueness must be preserved as it is a concern of reputation. Copying competitors’ tech stack will not help your app to stand out from the crowd.
To build a better project than your competitor, utilize the tech stack which is more advanced and reliable than the competitor’s tech stack.
Here are a few examples of tech stacks used by popular applications.
Programming Languages: Python, Go, Perl
Framework: jQuery UI,
Databases: My SQL
Know how to build an app like Booking.com
Framework and Libraries: React, React Native, Django
DevOps: Webpack, Babel, Fabric, Flow(JS), Sentry
Cloud Services: Amazon S3, EC2, EBS
Know how to build an app like Instagram
Programming Languages: Python, Kotlin, HTML5
Framework: jQuery UI, Angular.js, React.js, Django, Node.js
Databases: My SQL
Cloud providers: Amazon EC2
Know how to build an app like Udemy
Also, read our article on how to create a MERN stack app on the go with DhiWise.
Hope all this information will help you to decide about which technology stack to use in your web or mobile application.
If you are searching for ways to quickly build your web or mobile application with an advanced and reliable tech stack, try DhiWise- A platform designed to empower developers to build next-generation apps! 😍
It is an intuitive platform that supports multiple technologies and provides the best features for faster web and mobile app development.
Find out the list of technology platforms supported by DhiWise: