After importing CodeMirror, you can use it in your React component. The basic editor can be implemented by using the CodeMirror component in your render function. You can pass various options as props to the CodeMirror component to customize the editor.
For example, you can set the value prop to the initial content of the editor, and the options prop to an object containing various configuration options such as the mode (language), theme, line numbers, etc.
Here is an example of a basic CodeMirror editor in a React component:
In this example, pressing Ctrl-Space in the editor will trigger the autocomplete feature.
React CodeMirror 2 is an updated version of the original React CodeMirror. It provides a more modern and flexible API, and it's more compatible with newer versions of React
It offers both controlled and uncontrolled components, giving developers more control over the state and behavior of the editor.
In the controlled component, the value and onChange props are used for state management, similar to how you would control the value of an input element in React.
In the uncontrolled component, the value prop sets the initial value, but subsequent changes are not controlled by React.
Here's an example of a controlled CodeMirror component:
CodeMirror and Monaco are both powerful code editors for the web, but they have some key differences. CodeMirror is lighter and more flexible, making it a good choice for applications that need a lightweight editor with customizable features.
It supports more languages out of the box and has a larger community and more third-party addons.
On the other hand, Monaco, which is the editor used in Visual Studio Code, offers a richer set of features and a more polished user experience.
It has better support for complex language features like IntelliSense and type checking, making it a better choice for complex web-based IDEs. However, it's heavier and less flexible than CodeMirror, and it has fewer supported languages and addons.
CodeMirror provides a rich set of features that can enhance the user experience of your code editor. One of these is autocomplete, which can be triggered by pressing a certain key combination (e.g., Ctrl-Space). Autocomplete can be customized to provide suggestions based on the context, such as the current mode (language) and the text around the cursor.
Other advanced features include code folding, which allows the user to collapse and expand sections of code; line wrapping, which ensures that long lines of code do not extend beyond the edge of the editor; and line numbering, which provides line numbers next to each line of code.
Here's an example of how to enable these features:
While CodeMirror is a powerful and flexible code editor, there are several alternatives that you might consider depending on your needs. Monaco is a more feature-rich editor that's used in Visual Studio Code.
Ace is another lightweight editor similar to CodeMirror with a different API and less out-of-the-box language support.
In conclusion, React CodeMirror is a powerful tool for adding a code editor to your React app. It provides a wide range of features and is highly customizable, making it a good choice for many different types of applications.
Whether you're building a web-based IDE, a code playground, or any other application that needs a code editor, React CodeMirror is definitely worth considering.