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Ignite Your Code: A Step-by-Step Guide on Adding Firebase to Flutter App

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Nidhi Sorathiya

September 13, 2023

Nidhi Sorathiya

September 13, 2023

Welcome, developers! If you've been exploring the possibilities of building a robust Flutter app, you've likely come across Firebase. As a Google-backed platform, Firebase offers a highly functional suite of services that can take your Flutter project to new heights.

In this tutorial, I'll walk you through the process of adding Firebase to Flutter app, adding richness and depth to its functionalities.

Why Choose Firebase for Your Flutter Application

Firebase serves as a Swiss Army knife for developers, integrating highly useful features – database management, analytics, crash reporting, and many more – into your app. When you add Firebase to your Flutter app, you access a host of functionalities that simplify coding and improve user experience.

One of Firebase's most promising features is Google Analytics. When enabled, Google Analytics can provide deep insight into the performance of your Flutter app, from frequently visited screens to clickthrough rates.

Before You Start: Pre-requisites

To optimally implement the addition of Firebase to a Flutter project, there are some pre-requisites that you should cross off your list:

  • Flutter SDK installed: An essential tool that allows you to develop, test, and deploy your Flutter apps.
  • A Firebase project: This is your gateway to the Firebase console, where you can configure, manage, and access various Firebase services.
  • A basic understanding of Flutter & Firebase: This tutorial assumes you have a fundamental knowledge of both platforms.

Setting Up Flutter Environment

First things first, let's make sure you've set up your Flutter environment correctly:

  • Install the Flutter SDK: It's the basic requirement to run any Flutter app. You can download it from the official Flutter website.
  • Check your Flutter Environment: Once you've installed the Flutter SDK, you can validate your environment by running the flutter doctor command in your terminal. If the command line tool highlights any issues, make sure to resolve them before proceeding further.

Creating a New Firebase Project

After setting up your Flutter environment, you're ready to create a new Firebase project. Here are the steps to get you started:

  1. Visit the Firebase console. Click on "Add project", then enter your project name and follow the prompts to create your project.
  2. While creating a new Firebase project, also enable Google analytics as it offers useful insights into your app's usage. To enable Google analytics, flip the switch and follow the setup steps. Select the Google Analytics account associated with your Firebase project or create a new one if needed.
  3. After confirming your choices, click on "Create project". Google then provisions resources for your Firebase project, and the browser redirects you to the Project Overview.

Adding Firebase to Your Flutter App

With your Firebase Project ready, it's now time to add Firebase to your Flutter app. In this section, we'll guide you through the process, starting with your Android app and then moving to the iOS version.

Android Integration - Step-by-Step

Grab your preferred editor and begin by navigating to your Android project.

Step 1: Open the android/app/build.gradle file and add the Google services classpath to it. This code snippet goes under the dependencies section:

Step 2: Then, ensure that your Android Manifest is properly configured. Open the android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml file and include the following permissions and services:

Now that we've set up the Android version, let's move on to incorporate Firebase into our iOS app.

iOS Integration - Step-by-Step

Adding Firebase to your Flutter app's iOS version might seem daunting, but don't worry, these systematic instructions will guide you through the process.

Step 1: Start by setting your bundle identifier. Open your iOS project, visit Runner.xcworkspace in Xcode, and navigate to the "General" tab. Here, you can configure your Bundle Identifier. Copy this identifier.

Step 2: Next, add the Firebase configuration file to your iOS project. From the Firebase dashboard, select your iOS app and download the GoogleService-Info.plist file. In Xcode, add this file to your Runner directory.

Step 3: Finally, navigate to the AppDelegate.swift file and initialize Firebase. Import the Firebase SDK and add the Firebase initialization code inside the didFinishLaunchingWithOptions method.

Congrats! You have now successfully integrated Firebase into both Android and iOS versions of your Flutter application.

Firebase Console Setup

It's time to connect your Flutter application to Firebase on the Firebase console.

  1. Navigate to the Firebase Console, select your Firebase project and click on "Add app".
  2. A prompt will appear allowing you to choose between iOS, Android, or Web apps. Here, you'll need to repeat the process for iOS and Android separately.
  3. Enter the details for your respective apps with Bundle ID for iOS app, and Package Name for Android version. Remember to match them with the ones in your Flutter app configuration.
  4. You will be prompted to download a configuration file for both versions. This file is a .json file for Android (google-services.json) and a .plist file for iOS (GoogleService-Info.plist).

Once each platform app is registered and configured in the Firebase Console, you are ready to add features like Firebase Authentication, Remote Config, Firestore, etc., to your Flutter project.

Adding Firebase to Flutter: Authentication

Implementing Firebase Authentication in your Flutter app significantly simplifies the process of managing users.

Enable the Firebase authentication method of your choice in Firebase Console. Navigate to the "Authentication" section, then the "Sign-in method" tab. Here you can enable Email/Password, Google Sign-In, or other methods according to your needs.

To use Firebase Authentication in your Flutter project, add the firebase_auth plugin in your pubspec.yaml file. It's crucial to install plugins correctly to access Firebase services.

After installing the plugin, import it to your Dart file, and create instances for FirebaseAuth to access Firebase Authentication methods.

By now, you should have an authenticated Flutter application with Firebase in both the Android and iOS versions.

Adding Firebase to Flutter: Firestore

Cloud Firestore is a scalable NoSQL cloud database that may be used to store and sync data for client- and server-side development. It's a great way to sync data across user sessions and devices.

Here's how to add Firestore to your Flutter app:

Step 1: First, navigate to the "Database" section within the Firebase Console. Choose "Create Database" under Cloud Firestore.

Step 2: Just like before, install the cloud_firestore FlutterFire plugin and import it into your Dart file:

Your Flutter application can now interact with the Firestore database.

Firebase has other services that you can add to your Flutter app, like Storage and Cloud Messaging, which can improve your app functionality.

Testing Your Flutter App

After adding Firebase to your Flutter app and integrating all the services, it's time to test your app. This stage is vital to ensure all Firebase functionalities perform as expected.

To test your Flutter app on an emulator, navigate to your Flutter project directory in the terminal or command prompt and run flutter run.

For Firebase connection verification, log in to Firebase through your Flutter app's authentication system. If your sign-in process is successful and reflected in Firebase's authentication tab, your Firebase integration is successful.

To test Firestore, create a document from your Flutter application. If the document appears in the Firestore database, you’ve successfully added Firestore to your Flutter app.

Lastly, keep an eye on your Google Analytics. Over time, you'll start noticing data, assuring that Google Analytics has appropriately been added to your Flutter project.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Sometimes, even after careful execution, errors might occur. Here are some common issues you might face and tips to debug them:

  • If you're having connectivity issues, double-check whether your configuration files (google-services.json for Android and GoogleService-info.plist for iOS) are correctly placed and contain accurate details.
  • If Firestore isn't reading or writing, verify the security rules on the Firestore dashboard.
  • For authentication issues, ensure the correct sign-in method is enabled on the Firebase console.


There you have it: a thorough guide that walks you through adding Firebase to your Flutter app. By integrating your Flutter application with Firebase, you unlock powerful features that can dramatically enhance your app's functionality and provide useful insights into its performance.

Whether it be aiding user authentication, enabling synchronization of data across devices and sessions through Cloud Firestore, or harnessing the power of Google Analytics to understand user behavior, Firebase truly amplifies what you can achieve with your Flutter app.

Remember, adding Firebase to a Flutter app is not the end but just the beginning of an exciting journey into creating powerful, scalable, and function-rich applications. So, why wait? Power your Flutter app with Firebase today!


I hope you've enjoyed this tutorial and found it useful. Keep Exploring Flutter! 💙

Frequently asked questions

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